Carbohydrates include all starch-rich feeds, such as potatoes, cereals, pasta, rice, millet, etc. Carbohydrates are a quickly available and easily digestible source of energy for dogs and cats and are therefore an important component of many rations. Especially for dogs that are very active or do a lot of mental work, as well as in certain diseases that require a lower content of protein or fat (e.g. chronic renal insufficiency, liver diseases, inflammation of the pancreas), these energy-rich feeds are an important ration component.
Conventional varieties such as rice, pasta, potatoes and oatmeal are suitable for our pets, as are more exotic varieties such as sweet potatoes, millet, amaranth, quinoa or buckwheat. (Sweet) potatoes are particularly rich in potassium, which is especially suitable for animals with sensitive stomachs due to its buffering effect.
When preparing them, it should be noted that they should be cooked for a sufficiently long time to ensure good starch digestion (otherwise diarrhoea may occur). So it is best to cook them for about 10 minutes longer than for your own consumption. When giving potatoes, it should be noted that the skins can be fed (depending on individual tolerance), but the shoots should be removed and the cooking water poured away.
Alternatively, flakes can be used (e.g. potato or rice flakes). These should be soaked in sufficient water before feeding (at least 3 times the amount) so that it does not become too thick and pre-swollen. Oat flakes are particularly easy to digest and can generally be fed without soaking.
The conversion factor from raw carbohydrates or dry flakes to cooked carbohydrates is about 1:4 to 1:5, i.e. 25 g rice or pasta dry weight is equivalent to about 100 - 125 g cooked weight.